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GEORGE & MARY’S SON GEORGE TREE 7

 

GEORGE THE SON OF GEORGE  & MARY HARMAN WAS TO BE THE NEXT IN LINE OF MY ANCESTORS.

GEORGE HARMAN MARRIED ELIZABETH DUMSDAY ON THE 13th JANUARY 1741, GEORGE BEING AGE 33 & ELIZABETH 27.

 

GEORGE HARMAN WAS BAPTISED AT EAST GRINSTEAD ON THE 16th OF NOVEMBER IN THE YEAR 1709 AND HIS PARENT'S GIVEN AS GEORGE AND MARY HARMAN. EAST GRINSTEAD. IN THE YEAR 1706 TO 1797 EAST GRINSTEAD DID NOT HAVE A LARGE POPULATION, EVEN THOUGH IT WAS A MARKET TOWN AND HELD THE POSITION OF HOLDING A COURT ASSIZES. THIS IN LINES WITH HORSHAM AND LEWES.  THE POPULATION WAS IN ALL PROBABILITY AROUND TWO THOUSAND AT THE MOST.  FOR IN 1901 IT WAS STILL ONLY SIX THOUSAND.

GEORGE AS THE OLDEST IN ALL PROBABILITY GREW UP AND STAYED WITH HIS FATHER JOHN AND HIS MOTHER MARY. FOR WHEN HE MARRIED HE ALSO WAS A FARMER AT DODGES FARM FLAW HATCH. HIS BROTHERS NICHOLAS, AND ROBERT. WERE TO FOLLOW AS FARMERS ALSO. NICHOLAS AS WE SAID BEFORE AT FLAW HATCH AND ROBERT AT MARK HOUSE.

GEORGE & ELIZABETH'S FIRST CHILD WAS A GIRL NAMED SARAH BORN AT EAST GRINSTEAD IN 1741,THIS WAS FOLLOWED BY ANOTHER GIRL NAMED AFTER HER MOTHER ELIZABETH. BUT THIS CHILD AS NOT BORN AT EAST GRINSTEAD BUT THE PARISH OF WEST HOATHLY. THIS WAS ABOUT FIVE-MILES FROM EAST GRINSTEAD,

NEAR TO WEST HOATHLY WAS SELSFIELD COMMON AND IT IS POSSIBLE AT  THIS POINT IN TIME THAT THIS WAS COMMONER'S LAND  THAT ALL VILLAGER'S USED FOR THE  GRAZING OF THEIR CATTLE ON COMMON LAND.  HENCE THE REASON THAT GEORGE & ELIZABETH WERE IN THAT AREA AT THAT TIME.

 

IT WAS ALSO POSSIBLE THAT ELIZABETH DUMSDAY WHO HAD MARRIED GEORGE ORIGINATED FROM WEST HOATHLY AND THERE-FORE AS A PARISHIONER OF THIS PARISH AND GEORGE BEING HER HUSBAND WOULD HAVE THE SAME RIGHT'S AS THE VILLAGERS TO GRAZE HIS CATTLE AND SHEEP ON THE COMMON LAND.

ENGLISH SHEEP AND WOOL WERE ADMITTED TO BE THE BEST IN THE WOULD AND MUCH WAS EXPORTED TO EUROPE. CLOTH AND THE WOOLLEN INDUSTRY WAS VITAL TO THE ECONOMY OF ENGLAND. DUTIES WERE PAID ON THE EXPORT'S TO OTHER COUNTRY'S TO THE CROWN.  THESE DUES PAID TO THE SOVEREIGN TO WAGE  WAR  AND FINANCE EXPEDITIONS TO DISCOVER FOREIGN LAND'S. OR IN THE REIGN OF ELIZABETH 1st TO FINANCE SIR FRANCIS DRAKE AND OTHER'S TO ATTACK SPANISH SHIPPING AND RETURN WITH THE PLUNDER OBTAINED IN THESE EXPLOIT'S.

 

SO GEORGE WOULD NATURALLY KEEP SHEEP WHICH WERE CONSIDERABLE ASSET, AND STILL IS TO-DAY TO A LESSER EXTENT. SO IT IS POSSIBLE THAT IS THE REASON THAT GEORGE & ELIZABETH WENT TO WEST HOATHLY TO TAKE ADVANTAGE OF THE COMMON LAND THAT WAS AVAILABLE.

TO REITERATE GEORGE & ELIZABETH FIRST CHILD SARAH WAS BORN AT EAST GRINSTEAD IN 1741.  WHEN SHE WAS BORN ENGLAND WAS AT WAR. FOR ON THE 26th SEPTEMBER 1739 WAR BROKE OUT, FIRSTLY WITH SPAIN AND THEN AGAINST FRANCE TOO.

 

GEORGE THE. 2nd WAS DELIGHTED AND AT THE AGE OF 61 HE LED THE ARMIES HIMSELF TO VICTORY AT DETINGEN ON THE 15th JUNE 1743. THE KINGS POPULARITY AT A LOW EBB FOR YEARS RECEIVED A TREMENDOUS BOOST.  HE WAS THE LAST BRITISH MONARCH TO LEAD HIS TROOPS PERSONALLY INTO BATTLE.

 

BUT TO RETURN TO THE YEAR 1714 LIFE WAS STILL HARD FOR THE ORDINARY MAN EVEN THOUGH THERE HAD BEEN IMPROVEMENT OVER THE DECADES BUT THE LAW WAS STILL HARSH, AND FEUDAL SYSTEMS STILL EXISTED TO A DEGREE IN SOME AREAS.

IN THE REIGN OF GEORGE THE 2nd FROM 1714- 27 THERE WAS APPALLINGLY INFANT FATALITY AMONG THE POOR. THOUSANDS OF INFANTS DID NOT LIVE EVEN TO BECOME PARISH INFANTS, BUT WERE ABANDONED ON THE ROAD, DESERTED BY THEIR MOTHERS ESPECIALLY IF IT WAS A CHILD.  FOR THEY COULD NOT AFFORD THE EXPENSE AND SHAME.

WHEN RESPECTABLE PEOPLE PASSED BY A INFANT SUCH AS THIS THEY WOULD JUST PASS ON. BUT IN THE REIGN OF GEORGE THE 3rd THINGS IMPROVED SLIGHTLY BY THE INTRODUCTION OF HOMES, FOR SUCH CHILDREN. THIS CAME ABOUT MORE BY THE ACT OF A SEA CAPTAIN NAMED CORAM, WHO SAW MUCH OF THIS SORT OF THING HAPPENING. IT WAS THROUGH HIS KIND HEART AND EFFORT THAT SOMETHING WAS DONE TO ASSIST THESE CHILDREN.

 

MEN  WERE STILL BEING PRESS GANGED IN TO THE NAVY, WHERE  LIFE FOR THE ORDINARY SEAMEN WAS A LIFE OF BRUTALITY, AND PUNISHMENTS. FOR MINOR OFFENCES FLOGGING, KEEL HAULING, CLAPPED IN IRONS,  AND HANGING FROM THE YARD ARM.  LIFE IN THE ARMY WAS NOT MUCH BETTER.

 

GEORGE THE 2ND DRESSED HIS SOLDIERS IN REDCOATS, BUT THEY HAD NO BARRACKS .BUT WERE BILLETED IN ALE HOUSES  ON A POPULATION  THAT  HATED THE REDCOATS, AND TREATED  THEM ACCORDINGLY. THEY WERE UNPOPULAR BECAUSE THEY ACTED AS A POLICE FORCE AGAINST RIOTING AND SMUGGLERS. BEING BRUTAL IN ENFORCING LAW AND ORDER.

 

PARLIAMENT WENT ON ADDING STATUTE TO AFTER STATUTE TO THE "BLOODY CODE OF "ENGLISH LAW".

 

THESE CAME TO OVER 200 ,VERY MANY PUNISHABLE BY DEATH. THESE COULD RANGE FROM HORSE AND SHEEP STEALING, ALSO STEALING TO THE VALUE OF FIVE SHILLINGS, OR FOR ONLY STEALING A HANDKERCHIEF.  BUT SUCH WAS THE ILLOGICALLY OF THE LAW THAT ATTEMPTED MURDER WAS LIGHTLY PUNISHED, THOUGH TO SLIT A MAN'S NOSE WAS HANGING OFFENCE..  IT WAS UP TO THE INDIVIDUAL TO PROTECT HIMSELF FROM THIEVES AND MURDERERS.

THE ENGLISH WERE STILL FOND OF SEEING PUNISHMENTS OF THOSE WHOSE ACTIONS THEY DISAPPROVED. MANY GATHERED FOR PUBLIC HANGINGS, AND WHIPPING. ALSO TO SEE THOSE IN THE STOCKS, OR BEING PILLORIED.

THE ABUSE OF THE POOR LAW BY PARISH'S LEFT TO THEIR OWN DEVICES, AND PROTECTING THEIR OWN INTEREST.

 

THE FUNDS THESE BEING OBTAINED BY A LEVY ON THE WEALTHIER CITIZENS OF THE COMMUNITY WHO ALSO WERE THE LOCAL MAGISTRATES. EVERY PARISH DEALT WITH THE POOR LAW SEPARATELY, AND IN A STATE OF HOSTILITY WITH OTHER PARISH'S.

WITH A POLICY OF DRIVING ANY ONE OUT THAT MIGHT BE A BURDEN ON THE POOR RATE. ALL STRANGERS WERE VIEWED WITH SUSPICION. ESPECIALLY SINGLE WOMEN WHO MIGHT BE PREGNANT.

 

ALL STRANGERS WERE SUSPECT. THOSE TO BE REMOVED WERE WHIPPED. THIS FOR THIS BOTH MEN AND WOMEN. STRIPPED TO THE WASTE, BEFORE BEING TRUNDLE ON A BARROW OUT OF THE PARISH AND DUMPED INTO THE PARISH ADJOINING THEIRS. SOME OF THESE POOR WERE WHIPPED FROM PARISH TO PARISH UNTIL THEY ARRIVED BACK TO THE PARISH OF THEIR BIRTH. THESE WERE THE LAWS OF OUR ANCESTORS.

IN THE REIGN OF GEORGE THE 3rd THE PARSON OF THE CHURCH AND VICARAGE WERE RISING IN THE SOCIAL SCALE, AND GETTING SO HIS SERMONS WERE LITERARY EXERCISES. MEANT TO FLATTER THE TASTE OF THE GENTRY ATTENDING SERVICE. BUT COMPLETELY OUT OF TOUCH WITH THE COMMON MAN AND WOMEN.

 

ALCOHOL GIN ITSELF FOR MANY YEARS WAS CHEAPER THAN BEER BECAUSE OFF THE LOW TAX  RATING GIVEN TO IT  IN PARLIAMENT. CORN OWNED BY THE RICH LANDLORDS WHO ALSO WERE MEMBERS OF PARLIAMENT WHO MADE SURE THE TAX WAS LOW ON GIN. PROFITS WERE GOOD. RIOTS OCCURRED MANY TIMES WITH DRUNKEN MOBS ROAMING THE STREETS.  IN MOST CASES THIS WAS AMONG THE VERY POOR WHO'S LIFE WAS MISERY, AND GIN HELPED TO MAKE LIFE FOR THEM A LITTLE EASIER, BUT IT ALSO CAUSED THE DEATHS OF MANY OF ALCOHOLISM.

 

NOT ALL PARSONAGES THE SAME AND LIKE IN ALL WALKS OF LIFE THERE WERE GOOD MEN WHO HELPED TO ALLEVIATE THE SUFFERING OF THE POOR THERE WERE PARSONS LIKE THE REV; WOODEFORD WITH THEIR OWN GREBE GIVEN TO THEM FOR THE POSITIONS THEY HELD.  SOME WOULD IN FACT FARM THESE GLEBE'S THEM SELVES AS REV; WOODEFORD, AND AT HARVEST TIME WOULD SEEK THE HELP OF HIS PARISHIONERS TO HELP HIM GATHER IN THE HARVEST.

FOR THEIR SERVICES THEY WOULD BE DINED AT THE VICARAGE AFTER A DAYS WORK WITH AS MUCH LIQUOR AND BEEF AND PLUM PUDDING AS THEY COULD EAT

WHEN THEY CAME TO PAY THE PARSON HIS TITHE, HE GAVE THEM A GOOD DINNER OF ROAST BEEF, AND MUTTON, PLUS PLENTY OF PLUM PUDDING.

 

BUT BACK TO GEORGE & ELIZABETH IN 1745

GEORGE & ELIZABETH FOLLOWED AFTER SARAH WITH THE BIRTH OF ANOTHER GIRL NAMED ELIZABETH BORN 1745 AT WEST HOATHLY. IT IS BELIEVED THAT THIS CHILD DIED, FOR LATER THEY WERE TO NAME ANOTHER CHILD ELIZABETH.

WITH THE IMPENDING INVASION BY BONNIE PRINCE CHARLIE, GEORGE & ELIZABETH MOVED BACK TO EAST GRINSTEAD.

 

FOR IN 1745 CALLED CHARLES THE YOUNG PRETENDER KNOWN AS BONNY PRINCE CHARLIE , WHO WAS GRAND SON OF JAMES 2nd AND THE SON OLD PRETENDER JAMES THE 3rd AND LAUNCHED AN INVASION OF ENGLAND. THE POPULARITY THAT KING GEORGE THE 2nd HAD GAINED BY THE BATTLES AGAINST SPAIN AND FRANCE WAS BADLY NEEDED. FOR WHEN THE YOUNG PRETENDER MORE DASHING THAN HIS FATHER JAMES THE 3rd INVADED HIS SUCCESS WAS GREATER THAN THAT OF HIS FATHER IN JACOBITE RISING IN 1715.

THIS TIME EDINBURGH FELL, THEN CARLISLE, FOLLOWED BY  DERBY, TO  THE YOUNG PRETENDER JAMES 4TH.  BUT HE NEVER WAS TO BE CROWNED. FOR GEORGE THE 2nd REMAINED CALM, AND BONNY PRINCE CHARLIE WAS DEFEATED BY GEORGE THE 2nd   FAVOURITE SON THE DUKE OF CUMBERLAND.

WAR AT HOME AND ABROAD MEANT INCREASE  IN TAXATION.  THIS HITTING THE ORDINARY MAN MORE THAN ANY BODY.

 

WHEN GEORGE & ELIZABETH HARMAN MOVED BACK TO EAST GRINSTEAD IT WAS HERE THAT THE REST OF THEIR CHILDREN WERE BORN. THE REASON FOR BELIEVING THAT THE FIRST CHILD DIED WAS THE FACT THAT AFTER THEIR RETURN TO EAST GRINSTEAD IN  1747 AND ON THE 14th OF OCTOBER A GIRL WAS BAPTISED AND NAMED AGAIN ELIZABETH AFTER HER MOTHER. IT WAS NOT UNUSUAL FOR PARENT'S TO DO THIS, DUE TO INFANT MORTALITY, AS WE HAVE SEEN BY THE THREE WILLIAMS BORN TO THOMAS HARMAN AND ELIZABETH GOLLEDGE.

THE NEXT CHILD WAS A BOY JOHN NAMED FATHERS BROTHER WHO WAS BORN IN 1749, AND BAPTISED ON THE 17th OF  SEPTEMBER, FOLLOWED BY WILLIAM BAPTISED ON THE 29th APRIL 1751. BEFORE ANY OTHER CHILDREN WERE BORN, JOHN THE BOY, AND THE SECOND CHILD ELIZABETH, THE GIRL NAMED AFTER HER MOTHER DIED AND BOTH CHILDREN WERE BURIED TOGETHER ON THE 31st MAY 1752.

HEALTH WAS OF PARAMOUNT IMPORTANCE IN THE PAST. IF YOU WERE ILL YOU HOPED TO GET BETTER; IF YOU COULD AFFORD A DOCTOR. WHICH THE VAST MAJORITY OF THE POPULATION COULD NOT. MEDICINES HAD TO BE BOUGHT (SUCH AS THEY WERE) AND FAMILIES ALONE NURSED THEIR SICK OF DISEASES WHICH TO-DAY WE SELDOM HEAR OF OR FEAR LESS.  THESE TOOK A HEAVY TOLL OF LIFE, PARTICULARLY OF THE YOUNG.

IT IS A WELL KNOWN FACT WITH THE WELCOME OF THE SPRING AND SUMMER BREEZES THEY OCCASIONALLY BROUGHT AN UNSEEN AND UNWELCOME VISITOR- DIPHTHERIA WHICH LEFT IN ITS WAKE A CRUEL AND SAVAGE LEGACY OF DEATH. THE COST TO ONE FAMILY COULD BE THEIR EVERY CHILD. IT IS THEREFORE VERY LIKELY THAT THIS CAUSED THE DEATH OF JOHN & ELIZABETH THE TWO CHILDREN OF GEORGE & ELIZABETH IN THE SPRING OF THE YEAR 1752.

PRIOR TO THE DEATH OF THE TWO CHILDREN GEORGE 'S FATHER GEORGE HARMAN WHO WAS A FARMER & FARRIER FOR ALL HIS LIFE AT EAST GRINSTEAD, DIED AGE 65 AND WAS BURIED AT EAST GRINSTEAD ON 26th JAN. 1752. MARY HARMAN HER SELF WAS TO SEE THE LOSS OF THE TWO GRAND CHILDREN, BUT WITHIN MONTHS GEORGE THE SON LOST HIS MOTHER MARY WHO DIED IN THE SAME YEAR 1752, BEING BURIED W1iH HER HUSBAND ON THE 25th JULY 1752 AGED 69.  GEORGE DYING IN THE JANUARY AND MARY HIS WIFE SIX MONTH'S AFTER IN JULY. BOTH BURIED TOGETHER AT EAST GRINSTEAD.

THIS MUST HAVE BEEN A TERRIBLE TIME FOR GEORGE & ELIZABETH FOUR FUNERALS WITHIN A SHORT SPAN OF TIME. BUT IN THOSE DAYS WHO WOULD KNOW WHAT THE FUTURE HELD IN THOSE HARD AND CRUEL DAYS OF LITTLE HEALTH CARE OR MEDICINES.

THIS MUST HAVE BEEN A TERRIBLE TIME FOR GEORGE & ELIZABETH FOUR FUNERALS WITHIN A SHORT SPAN OF TIME. BUT IN THOSE DAYS WHO WOULD KNOW WHAT THE FUTURE HELD IN THOSE HARD AND CRUEL DAYS OF LITTLE HEALTH CARE OR MEDICINES.

(EVEN THE RICH) POOR PRINCE FREDERICK SON GEORGE THE 2nd AFTER MANY YEARS OF WAITING FOR HIS FATHER TO DIE, AND WHAT HE WAS GOING TO DO WHEN GEORGE THE 2nd EXPIRED, DIED BEFORE HIM IN MARCH 1751.

AFTER THE DEATH OF THE TWO CHILDREN ELIZABETH & JOHN, GEORGE & ELIZABETH NINE MONTH'S LATER WERE BLESSED WITH  THE BIRTH OF TWINS JAMES & THOMAS.  THE TWINS WERE BAPTISED TOGETHER ON THE 25th FEBRUARY 1753.  THE TWIN THOMAS WAS TO BE MY NEXT IN MY LINE OF DESCENDANT.

GEORGE & ELIZABETH HAD A GIRL WHICH THEY BAPTISED AFTER HER GRANDMOTHER MARY HARMAN SHE WAS BORN IN 1755, AND WAS TO BE GEORGE & ELIZABETH LAST. THEY HAVING LOST THREE OF  THEIR   EIGHT CHILDREN.

WITH  BIRTH OF THEIR LAST CHILD MARY GEORGE WAS AGED 47  AND ELIZABETH APPROXIMATELY  AGED  46. THERE  IS  NO  FURTHER INFORMATION WITH REGARDS TO GIRL SARAH ,THIS IS NOT UNUSUAL WITH  AS  THEY INVARIABLY TOOK POSITION AS SERVANT  IN THE GREAT HOUSE'S OF THE MORE AFFLUENT MEMBERS OF SOCIETY.  WHERE THEY WERE EXPECTED TO WORK LONG HOURS. WITH VERY LITTLE TIME OFF. LIFE IN FACT COULD BE A DRUDGERY, THIS DEPENDENT TO THEIR POSITION IN A HOUSEHOLD.  HOWEVER WE KNOW THAT MARY HARMAN MARRIED GEORGE RICE AT THE AGE OF 25 AT ARDINGLY.  THE BOYS OF THE POORER FAMILIES COULD COMMENCE WORK AT AS LITTLE AS FIVE, WORKING UP TO TWELVE HOURS A DAY. AGAIN MANY CHILDREN DID NOT SURVIVE TO A GREAT AGE.

THE HARMAN LINE WAS TO A CERTAIN EXTENT BETTER OFF THAN MOST. FROM THE BEGINNING THEY WERE MERCERS AND WOULD NOT HAVE BEEN POOR PEOPLE, NEITHER WERE THEY EXTREMELY RICH. BUT EACH FAMILY HAD AN OCCUPATION THAT ALLOWED SUSTENANCE AND A REASONABLE LIVING STANDARD TO THE GENERAL EIGHTY PERCENT OF THE POPULATION.

IF YOU TAKE THE CASE OF EDMUND WHO BECAME A BAKER, AND THEN HIS DESCENDANT'S WHO EITHER BECOME FARMERS, OR MERCERS. IT TOOK MONEY TO SET THE VARIOUS FAMILIES IN A POSITION OF INDEPENDENCE. FOR GOOD APPRENTICE SHIPS HAD TO BE PAID FOR. THE EXCEPTION WAS BEING THE VERY POOR. THE YOUNG CHILDREN OF THE PARISH WERE BOUND APPRENTICE'S BOYS TO THE AGE OF TWENTY-FOUR AND GIRLS TWENTY-THREE. THIS WOULD BE TO SUCH THINGS AS CHIMNEY SWEEPS, SAWYERS, MAIDS, FOOTMAN, AND A VARIETY OF LOWER LEVELS OF EMPLOYMENT.  THESE POOR LITTLE MITES WERE SUBJECT TO THE HARSHER KIND OF TREATMENT.  THEY WERE VIRTUALLY TREATED AS SLAVE LABOUR, BRUTALISED, AND NO ONE CARED IF THEY LIVED OR DIED.

NONE OF THE HARMAN CHILDREN WOULD HAVE BEEN SUBJECT TO THAT SORT OF LIFE, BUT THE GIRLS AS THEY GREW OLDER WOULD HAVE GONE INTO SERVICE. THE BOYS SET UP IN BUSINESS, AS IN THE CASE OF EDMUND AS A BAKER, AND THE TWO JOHN'S AS MERCERS, OR FARMER' S.

DEATH VISITED THE HARMAN FAMILIES THE SAME AS OTHER PEOPLE.  THEY WERE NOT INFALLIBLE, HOWEVER THEY DID HAVE ONE THING THEIR FAVOUR AND THIS WAS LIVING IN A SMALL TOWN IN BETTER CONDITIONS THAN MOST, AND AS  THE TIME PROGRESSED LIVING IN THE COUNTRY SIDE.

THEY  WERE NOT  SUBJECT TO THE STENCH, POLLUTANTS, AND UNHYGIENIC CONDITION'S OF THE CITIES OF  LONDON, AND BRISTOL.  NOR WERE THEY IN INDUSTRIALIZED AREAS OF BRITAIN WHERE WORKING CONDITIONS WERE POORLY PAID FOR LONG HOURS. HARD AND DANGEROUS FOR MEN, WOMAN, AND CHILDREN FROM A VERY EARLY AGE. LIFE EXPECTANCY FOR THESE POOR SOULS WOULD BE IN THE RANGE OF 30-40 YEARS.

IN THE CASE  OF GEORGE & ELIZABETH'S CHILDREN A COMPLETE CHANGE WAS TO BE SEEN. FARMING HAD BECOME A UNSTABLE BUSINESS. DUE TO LOSS OF COMMON LAND. CORN, WHEAT, AND BARLEY.  PRICES FLUCTUATING CAUSING INSTABILITY. TAXES IMPOSED AND ALSO THE BUYING UP OF THE SMALL FARMERS BY THE LARGER AND RICHER LANDOWNERS. GEORGE HARMAN I BELIEVED RECOGNISED THIS.HOUSES THAT. PREVIOUSLY HAD BEEN BUILT WITH TIMBER, WERE NOW BEING BUILT MORE IN: BRICK, AND HOUSE CONSTRUCTIONS WERE TAKING A DIFFERENT COURSE.

ONE  OF THE REASON FOR THIS WAS THE LACK OF TIMBER NOW AVAILABLE. THE WEALD AS KNOWN FOR THE AREA OF SUSSEX HAD BEEN MAINLY DENSELY FORESTED.  DUE TO THE IRON INDUSTRY, SHIPBUILDING, CHARCOAL BURNING, AND TIMBER FOR BUILDING'S. TIMBER BECAME SCARCER.

EVENTUALLY IT: WAS DECREED BY LAW THAT TIMBER WAS TO BE CONSERVED AND BRICKS AND TILES THAT HAD BEEN USED IN THE PAST AND NOW COSTING LESS THAN TIMBER DUE TO ITS SCARCITY. WERE NOW BEGINNING TO BECOME WIDELY USED.   EVEN THEN CONSERVATION OF THE FOREST WAS ALSO RECOGNISED AN IMPORTANT ISSUE.

GEORGE HARMAN  RECOGNISED THAT THE GENERAL SITUATION WITH REGARDS TO EARNING A LIVING FROM THE LAND. FARMING WAS DETERIORATING.   HOWEVER HE ALSO RECOGNISED THE POTENTIAL OF THE BUILDING INDUSTRY, AND TO THIS END HE PUT THE TWIN BOYS JAMES, AND THOMAS TOO APPRENTICESHIPS.

 

JAMES, AS A CARPENTER. THOMAS AS A STONEMASON. THE TWO BOYS MAY WELL HAVE SERVED THEIR TIME AS APPRENTICES WITH THEIR UNCLE WILLIAM HARMAN THEIR FATHERS BROTHER WHO WE KNOW WAS THE FIRST BRICKLAYER IN THE HARMAN FAMILY.

IN  1755 AFTER THE BIRTH OF GEORGES & ELIZABETH DAUGHTER MARY, THE KING GEORGE THE. 2nd CONSTANTLY COMPLAINED THAT HE WAS IN THE TOILS OF HIS PARLIAMENT, BUT THIS WAS NOT STRICTLY TRUE.  HE DISLIKED THE PELHAM'S WHO HAD GAINED MORE POWER IN THE PARLIAMENT AND ALSO THEIR ASSOCIATE WILLIAM PITT EVEN LESS. SO HE TOOK HIM-SELF OFF TO HANOVER, AND REFUSED TO RETURN.

EVENTUALLY HE DID, THIS WHILE THE SEVEN YEAR WAR WITH FRANCE BEING FOUGHT IN 1756. GEORGE THE. 2nd "THE GOOD OLD KING'-TACTLESS AND SHORT TEMPERED"- SWALLOWED HIS PRIDE, RETURNED AND ACCEPTED WILLIAM PITT.

THE YEAR 1759 WAS OF ENGLAND'S GREATEST TRIUMPHS. COMPLETE COMMAND OF THE SEA, CONQUEST IN CANADA, INDIA, AND THE CARIBBEAN. AT THE AGE OF 79 THE KING WAS BEGINNING TO FAIL. HE HAD ALWAYS WANTED MILITARY GLORY, AND NOW IT WAS HIS. BUT SOME HOW GEORGE THE. 2nd NEVER QUITE MADE GREATNESS. THERE WAS ABOUT HIM THAT HINT OF THE RIDICULOUS WHICH DOGGED ALL HANOVERIANS.

 

THE  KINGS DEATH WAS MERCIFULLY SUDDEN BUT  WAS  NOT DIGNIFIED. FOR YEARS GEORGE HAD SUFFERED FROM CONSTIPATION. ON THE ON THE MORNING ON THE 25th OF OCTOBER 1760 HIS EXERTIONS TO OVERCOME THE DIFFICULTY WAS TO MUCH FOR HIM AND BROUGHT ON A FATAL HEART ATTACK.  POOR KING GEORGE THE. 2nd  DIED SITTING ON THE LAVATORY.

 

GEORGE, WILLIAM, FREDERICK THE GRANDSON OF GEORGE THE. 2nd WAS THE NEXT IN LINE TO THE THRONE OF ENGLAND. THIS DUE TO THE DEATH OF HIS FATHER PRINCE FREDERICK WHO HAD HOPED, AS ALREADY STATED TO TAKE THE THRONE ON THE DEATH OF HIS FATHER WHO HE HATED.

PRINCE FREDERICK SON, GEORGE 3rd AT THE AGE OF 22 ASCENDED THE THRONE IMMEDIATELY AFTER THE DEATH OF HIS GRANDFATHER GEORGE THE. 2nd.

 

GEORGE 3rd UNLIKE HIS PREDECESSORS HAD BEEN BORN AND EDUCATED IN ENGLAND. HE WAS ENTIRELY ENGLISH IN SYMPATHY, AND WAS THE FIRST SOVEREIGN SINCE QUEEN ANNE  TO SPEAK ENGLISH. THE KING WAS A DEEPLY RELIGIOUS MAN. IN HIS FIRST MONTHS OF HIS REIGN HE CLEARED ALL DISREPUTABLE MORAL TONE OF HIS GRANDFATHERS COURT. GEORGE 3rd WAS THE ONLY HANOVERIAN WHO COULD BE CALLED A GENUINELY DECENT AND GOOD MAN.  HE MARRIED CHARLOTTE OF MECKLENBERG-STRELITZ. FROM THIS MARRIAGE THEY HAD 15 CHILDREN.

BUT TO GO BACK TO GEORGE & ELIZABETH'S HARMAN SONS. JAMES WAS APPRENTICE AS A CARPENTER, AND THOMAS AS A STONEMASON. PARENTS WOULD PAY FOR A SON TO BE APPRENTICED TO A TRADESMAN  30 UP TO 200. WHEN YOU CONSIDER A YEARS RENT WAS  10 FOR THE REASONABLY WELL OFF, THE COST FOR AN APPRENTICE SHIP WAS A GREAT DEAL OF MONEY AT THE LOWEST RATE.

 

FROM  THIS DATE THAT GEORGE HARMAN MADE  THIS DECISION , IN ABOUT 1766 THAT WAS TO CHANGE FROM THEN UNTIL 1966 A SPAN OF TWO HUNDRED YEARS THE FORTUNES AND GOOD LIVING CONDITIONS THAT HARMAN'S IN FUTURE YEARS WERE TO ENJOY.

THE RECORD OF HARMAN'S TO COME WILL SUBSTANTIATE THIS. IN 1774 THE TWINS THOMAS & JAMES FINISHED THEIR APPRENTICESHIPS.  JAMES AS A CARPENTER, AND THOMAS AS A STONEMASON  & BRICKLAYER.

FOR GENERATIONS TO COME THEIR DESCENDANTS WERE TO REAP BENEFITS OF THEIR FATHER GEORGE HARMAN FOR HIS FAR SIGHTEDNESS IN THE APPRENTICING OF HIS TWIN SON'S JAMES & THOMAS TO THEIR RESPECTIVE TRADE'S.

IN 1785 OCCUPIED LAND OWNED BY A MARY CRIPPS

HE WAS A FARMING AT DODGES FARM, PLAW HATCH. EAST GRINSTEAD

 

.THE 1763 WILLIAM PITT THE YOUNGER BECAME PRIME MINISTER WHO WAS ONLY AGE 24.  GEORGE 3rd MADE A GOOD CHOICE FOR WILLIAM PITT REMAINED PRIME MINISTER FOR 24 YEARS. THE MID 1780'S PROBABLY THE BEST YEARS OF GEORGE 3rd REIGN, AND IT WAS AT THIS POINT IN TIME THAT THOMAS HARMAN MARRIED FIVE YEARS AFTER 1786.

IT IS IN THIS PART OF THE HISTORY THAT WE LEAVE THE HARMAN'S OF EAST GRINSTEAD AND CONTINUE THE STORY WITH THE HISTORY OF THE HARMAN'S OF ROTHERFIELD. WITH THOMAS & HANNAH  HARMAN.

 

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