Biography William & Charlotte

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JAMES & MARIAH'S SON WILLIAM TREE-4

 

WILLIAM HARMAN MY GREAT GREAT GRANDFATHER WAS BORN ON WENSNESDAY NOVEMBER 18TH IN THE YEAR 1818.  THE SON OF JAMES & MARIAH HARMAN  MY GREAT GREAT GREAT GRANDPARENTS AND WAS THE GRANDSON OF THOMAS & HANNAH HARMAN  MY GREAT-GREAT GREAT GREAT GRANDPARENTS.

 

WILLIAM LIKE HIS FATHER JAMES, WAS BAPTISED IN THE PARISH CHURCH OF ROTHERFIELD, ST. DENY'S ON JANUARY 3RD 1819.

AT THE AGE OF 10 YEARS HIS GRANDFATHER THOMAS DIED .

 

HIS GRANDFATHER LIKE HIS FATHER JAMES, WERE STONEMASONS AND BRICKLAYERS. PLUS BUILDERS AND CRAFTSMAN OF REPUTE. 

THIS ENABLED THEM TO LIVE IN COMPARATIVE COMFORT.

  

WILLIAM GREW UP AND EVEN ATTENDED ST. JOHN'S FORMER CHARITY SCHOOL WITH HIS ELDER BROTHER JAMES.

THIS WHEN SCHOOLING WAS NON-EXISTENT FOR THE GENERAL POPULACE OR YOUR CHILDREN WERE NEEDED TO WORK TO ASSIST IN SURVIVAL.

 

WILLIAM WAS THEREFORE FORTUNATE THAT HE WAS SELECTED AND HIS FATHER JAMES COULD AFFORD TO RELEASE HIM FROM A LIFE OF DRUDGERY TO ATTEND SCHOOL.

WILLIAM HAD FOUR SISTERS, LEAH AND CAROLINE & SARAH ALL OLDER THAN HIM AND HARRIET THE BABY OF THE FAMILY.

 

HE ALSO HAD FOUR BROTHERS, JAMES HIS ELDER BROTHER, FOLLOWED IN AGE BY THOMAS, CHARLES AND JOHN.

AS THE FAMILY GREW, JAMES HIS FATHER COULD ILL AFFORD TO SEND THE YOUNGER SONS TO SCHOOL AND THIS IS PROVEN BY THEIR INABILITY TO WRITE THEIR NAME ON DOCUMENTS IN THE RESARCHING OF THEIR PARTICULAR FAMILY HISTORY'S.

 

HOWEVER, DESPITE THE HANDICAP OF BEING ILLITERATE, THE YOUNGER BROTHERS DID SUCCEED IN THEIR LATER LIVES.

 

SHIPS AT THE TIME OF WILLIAM IN HIS YOUTH WERE SAILING SHIPS, IN THE STYLE OF H.M.S. VICTORY IN PORTSMOUTH DOCKYARD.

AGAIN THE LIFE OF A SEAMAN WAS HARD WITH PAY AT STARVATION LEVEL, BRUTALITY RULED AND MEN DIED FROM POX, FALLING FROM RIGGING,AND SUFFERED SCURVY ETC.

FROM 1817-53 CONVICTS TRANSPORTED FOR LIFE OR A PERIOD OF TIME WERE LUCKY TO SURVIVE THE JOURNEY AND IN THIS PERIOD 20% I.E. 20 OUT 100 FAILED TO SURVIVE.

THOSE EMIGRATING WERE NOT MUCH BETTER OFF.

 PRESS GANGS WERE ALSO A PART OF LIFE AND THE GENERAL POPULATION HAD NO RIGHTS OR LIBERTY AS SUCH.

 

AS FOR WOMEN THEIR LIFE WAS FAR FROM A HAPPY ONE.OR THOSE WHO WERE LUCKY TO GET EMPLOYMENT, INVARIABLY THIS WOULD BE AS A SERVANT.

POOR WAGES, A LIFE OF DRUDGERY, WORKING POSSIBLY EIGHTEEN HOURS A DAY, SEVEN DAYS A WEEK. IN SOME CASES SEEING THEIR FAMILIES ONCE A YEAR.

 

 EVEN WHEN MARRIED SOME WERE TREATED AS CHATTELS AND THERE IS RECORDED EVIDENCE OF THE SELLING OF ONES WIFE TO ANOTHER MAN, THIS UP TO THE YEAR 1871.

PLUS BRINGING CHILDREN INTO THE WORLD OF DEPRIVATION, DRUDGERY AND EPIDEMICS SUCH AS DIPHTHERIA, TYPHOID, POX AND OTHER ILLNESSES OF THE TIME OF WILLIAM'S YOUTH AND ADULT WORLD.

 

WILLIAM WAS APPRENTICED AS A STONEMASON/BRICKLAYER TO HIS FATHER JAMES, MOST OF HIS YOUNG LIFE WAS SPENT ON THE OUTSKIRTS OF THE VILLAGE AT YEW TREE COTTAGES, JERVIS BROOK, GILLAMS BIRCH COTTAGE , AND IN LATER YEARS IN A HOUSE IN THE CENTRE OF ROTHERFIELD, NEXT DOOR TO THE LEFT WHEN FACING CATTS-INN.  HOWEVER ALL LOCATIONS WITHIN 10 TO 15 MINUTES WALK TO THE VILLAGE.

 

WATER WOULD BE DRAWN FROM WELLS AND WE HAVE RECORDED EVIDENCE THAT HARMAN'S HAD THE SPECIALIST SKILLS FOR BRICKING INSIDE WELLS, PLUS THE SKILLS FOR DRY-WALL ERECTION.  THIS MUCH IN EVIDENCE BY THE SKILLS THAT HAD BEEN HANDED DOWN FROM MY GREAT-GREAT-GREAT -GREAT GRANDFATHER THOMAS AND RECORDED IN THE FAMILY HISTORY OF WALTER HARMAN AND ELLEN (NEE GROOMBRIDGE).

 

WILLIAM'S ELDER SISTER CAROLINE, WAS WORKING AS A SERVANT IN CROWBOROUGH AND WHEN SHE WAS TWENTY-ONE HAD AN ILLEGITIMATE CHILD BAPTISED ELIZA IN 1835.

WILLIAM WAS AT THIS TIME WAS AGED SEVENTEEN AND WOULD BE WORKING THROUGH HIS APPRENTICE-SHIP.

 

TODAY AN ILLEGITIMATE CHILD IS NOT A STIGMA BUT IN WILLIAM'S YOUNG DAYS, IT WAS A MAJOR CRIME AND WOMEN IN THIS SITUATION WERE IN SOME CASES MADE TO GIVE EVIDENCE OF HOW PREGNANCY OCCURRED IN FRONT OF THE WHOLE CONGREGATION ATTENDING THE PARISH CHURCH AND AGAIN NON-ATTENDANCE BY VILLAGERS AT CHURCH, COULD BE REPORTED TO CHURCH AUTHORITY.

 

BUT BACK TO THE ILLEGITIMACY OF A CHILD, IN THE TIME OF WILLIAM.

  THE ISSUE WAS NOT REALLY A MORAL ONE, BUT MORE AN ECONOMICAL PROBLEM.  THE CHILD NEEDING TO BE KEPT BY THE PARISH.

 

 IN REALITY, THE TREND SEEMED MORE TO THE FOLLOWING FORMAT: 

 BOY MEETS GIRL, COURTS AND EVENTUALLY GIRL GETS PREGNANT, PARENTS CONFER AND REGARDLESS OF WHETHER LOVE OR LUST INVOLVED, BOY MUST MARRY GIRL.

 

IT WOULD SEEM BY RESEARCH, THAT A GREAT MANY MARRIAGES TOOK PLACE THIS WAY AND WAS COMMON PRACTICE SO AS CAN BE SEEN THAT THE ISSUE WAS MORE ECONOMICAL AS OPPOSED TO A MORAL ONE. 

 CUSTOM AND PRACTISE BEING (MEET, MATE AND MARRIAGE.)

 

A CASE IN POINT IS ALSO LEAH, WILLIAMS OLDER SISTER, WHO ALSO HAD AN ILLEGITIMATE CHILD TWO YEARS PRIOR TO CAROLINE AND AGAIN WHEN WILLIAM WAS AGE 15 HAD A NIECE ONE SARAH-ANN, LEAH'S DAUGHTER WHO AGAIN WAS LOOKED AFTER BY MY GREAT-GREAT GRANDPARENTS JAMES & MARIAH.

LEAH EVENTUALLY MARRIED EDWARD DADSWELL.

 

IN 1834 WILLIAM PARENTS HAD ANOTHER BROTHER OBEDIAH, WILLIAM AT THE AGE OF 15 AND HIS FATHER AND MOTHER BEING RESPECTIVELY AGED 46 AND 47.

THIS LAST  BROTHER DIED WITHIN 5 MONTHS OF BIRTH.

THIS BEING RECORDED IN PARISH RECORDS STATING JAMES AND MARIAH SON PRIVATE BAPTISM, OBEDIAH JANUARY 1ST 1834.

 

A FURTHER CASE IS IN HARRIET THE YOUNGER SISTER OF MY GREAT GREAT GRANDFATHER WILLIAM.

HARRIET WAS 19 WHEN SHE MARRIED WILLIAM HALLETT ON FEBRUARY 8TH 1842.

ON MARCH 1ST HER FIRST CHILD BORN HARRIET WAS EIGHT MONTH'S PREGNANT.  ALL THE ABOVE BEARING OUT THE CUSTOM AND PRACTICE .

AT THIS POINT IN HISTORY OF A GENERAL TREND AND IN SOME WAYS CONTINUED UP TO PRESENT TIMES, WHERE MARRIAGE UNDERTAKEN BECAUSE OF PREGNANCY.

 

MY GREAT GREAT GRANDFATHER WILLIAM WAS NOW AGED TWENTY-THREE AND IN THE FOLLOWING YEAR HE MARRIED CHARLOTTE MOON AT ST. DENY'S, ROTHERFIELD ON CHRISTMAS DAY MONDAY 25TH DECEMBER 1843, PROBABLY ONE OF THE FEW DAYS IN A YEAR FOR A DAYS HOLIDAY.

AS HOLIDAYS AS WE KNOW THEM WERE VIRTUALLY NON-EXISTENT.

 

ON THE MARRIAGE CERTIFICATE THE RANK OR PROFESSION WITHIN THE CERTIFICATE STATES THAT CHARLOTTE MOON WAS AGED 29, 5 YEARS OLDER THAN WILLIAM, AND A SPINSTER OF ROTHERFIELD AND HER RANK A SERVANT.

THE MARRIAGE CERTIFICATE GIVES HER STEP FATHERS NAME JOHN GASTON A LABOURER.

 

CHARLOTTE'S MOTHER OBVIOUSLY MARRIED AGAIN, AS WIDOW'S DID AS SOON AS THEY COULD AFTER THE DEATH OF A HUSBAND TO ASSIST IN SUSTENANCE FOR THEMSELVES AND CHILDREN WITH THE ONLY OTHER OPTION IN BEING PLACED IN A WORKHOUSE.

 

THIS MEANT THAT WHEN HER FATHER HAD DIED, CHARLOTTE WOULD HAVE BEEN PLACED AS A SERVANT AT A VERY TENDER AGE.

SO POSSIBLY AT THE WORST, FROM THE AGE OF 10 YEARS OLD UNTIL HER MARRIAGE TO MY GREAT GREAT  GRANDFATHER WILLIAM.

CHARLOTTE WOULD HAVE HAD A LIFE OF DRUDGERY FOR AT LEAST 19 YEARS.

 

THE MARRIAGE WAS UNDERTAKEN AFTER BANNS BEING CALLED BY THE REVEREND ROBERT CREAME CONDUCTING THE SERVICE A, BEST MAN AT THE WEDDING WAS THOMAS HARMAN, MY GREAT-GREAT GRANDFATHER WILLIAM'S, BROTHER WHO WAS TO MARRY ANN MARTIN IN THE FOLLOWING YEAR.

 

JAMES AND MARIAH WOULD ALSO HAVE ATTENDED THE WEDDING AS THEY WERE BOTH ALIVE AT THIS POINT IN TIME, AGED 55.

THE OTHER WITNESS AT THE WEDDING WAS ONE JOHN WOOD AND OF HIM WE KNOW NOTHING. EXCEPT HE WAS ALSO A WITNESS AT OTHER HARMAN WEDDINGS.

JAMES HARMAN NAME WAS GIVEN AS THE FATHER OF WILLIAM.

 

WILLIAM ON THE MARRIAGE CERTIFICATE SIGNED HIS NAME WHICH MEANT AND CONFIRMED THAT HE HAD ALSO ATTENDED SCHOOL WITH JAMES HIS ELDER BROTHER.

HOWEVER, CHARLOTTE MOON COULD NOT WRITE AND THEREFORE THE CERTIFICATE SHOWS THE MARK OF CHARLOTTE MOON AND NEITHER COULD WILLIAM'S BROTHER THOMAS WHO ALSO USED THE SIGN OF THE MARK OF THOMAS HARMAN.

 

THIS BEARING OUT THAT THOMAS NEVER HAD SCHOOLING AND CERTAINLY CHARLOTTE AS A CHILD WOULD NEVER HAD ATTENDED SCHOOL

 

SCHOOLING FOR THE MASS OF THE POPULATION WAS DISCOURAGED.

EVEN IN 1907 AS ELLA-MARY HARMAN WRITES IN HER BIOGRAPHY THAT PRIOR TO HER ENTRANCE EXAMS FOR SECONDARY EDUCATION, A SCHOOL MANAGER QUOTED, "THESE WORKING CLASS CHILDREN SHOULD NOT BE ENCOURAGED TO RISE ABOVE THEIR STATION.

 

IF THIS IN 1907 WHAT CHANCE CHARLOTTE BORN IN 1814.

 

WILLIAM WAS LUCKY THAT HE HAD SOME FORM OF EDUCATION.

 

UNFORTUNATELY THE SCHOOL MANAGER WHO COMMENTED ON ELLA , WAS NOT AWARE OF HARMAN TRAIT OF BATTLING FOR SOMETHING THEY DESIRE, IF THAT IS THE  RIGHT WORD.I THINK IT IS.

 

 IT IS THE DESIRE TO EXCEL WITH AN INWARD CONFIDENCE THAT IT CAN BE ACCOMPLISHED, AND WITH THE EXCITEMENT OF ACHIEVEMENT AND AWARENESS OF SELF-BELIEF AND PRIDE ON GAINING OBJECTIVE.

 

ELLA-MARY HARMAN SHOWED THIS IN BEING THE FIRST PERSON IN ROTHERFIELD TO HAVE SECONDARY EDUCATION AND GAINING SCHOLARSHIP AT A TEACHER'S TRAINING COLLEGE. FINALLY GAINING HER OBJECTIVE TO BE A TEACHER.

ELLA-MARY HARMAN WAS THE GRAND DAUGHTER OF JOHN & RHODA (NEE MARTIN) HARMAN. WILLIAM'S YOUNGER BROTHER

 

IN THIS YEAR 1841THE TOLPUDDLE MARTYRS WOULD HAVE BEEN ONE OF THE TOPICS ON THE DAY.  THESE MEN FOR ORGANISING AN AGRICULTURAL UNION WERE TRANSPORTED TO AUSTRALIA FOR SEVEN YEARS.

 

THE SANITARY CONDITIONS OF THE TIMES WERE NOT ANY BETTER AND CHOLERA AND OTHER DISEASES WERE RAMPANT.  AN OFFICIAL REPORT WAS CARRIED OUT IN 1841 THE 2 YEARS BEFORE WILLIAM & CHARLOTTE MARRIED BY A HENRY MAYHEW.

 

AS FOLLOWS IS AN EXTRACT IS FROM HIS REPORT.

 

IMMEDIATELY UNDER THE RAILWAY BRIDGE THERE STANDS A COURT, THE FILTH AND HORRORS SURPASS ALL OTHERS BY FAR.. EVERYWHERE BEFORE THE DOORS REFUSE AND OFFAL.

PRIVIES ARE SO RARE HERE THAT THEY ARE EITHER FILLED UP EVERY  DAY, OR ARE TO REMOTE FOR INHABITANTS TO USE THEM. 

 THE ABSENT OF MAIN  DRAINS IN THESE TIMES MEANT THAT EXCREMENT OOZED  DOWN THE WALLS OF CELLARS, EACH WHICH MAY HAVE BEEN A HOME FOR SEVERAL FAMILIES.

 

DEATH THEREFORE WAS A COMMON COMPANION.: SOMETIMES A COFFIN MAY LAY FOR SEVERAL DAYS, WITH THE  FAMILY LIVING ABOUT IT, Until BURIAL ARRANGEMENTS HAD BEEN MADE.

RATS MAY GNAW AT THE CORPSE IN ITS OPEN COFFIN. URBAN GRAVE YARDS  IN THE CITIES AND TOWNS ,SO FULL THE   GROUNDS WERE  ARTIFICIALLY  HIGH AND WITH  A PECULIAR, INDESCRIBABLE PUTREFYING SMELL BODIES OF PERVADING THE AIR.

 

THE REPORT CONTINUES WITH THE STATEMENT THAT WATER SUPPLIES WERE A ANOTHER PROBLEM, AND IF WATER DRAWN FROM A LOCAL RIVER IT  WAS  LIABLE TO BE  CONTAMINATED. BY DRAINS AND SEWAGE.

 

INHABITANTS EMPTYING THEIR FILTHY CONTENTS INTO IT, WITH DOOR LESS PRIVY'S BUILT OVER THE RIVER.

THE REPORT CONTINUES WITH THE STATEMENT THAT WATER SUPPLIES WERE A ANOTHER PROBLEM, AND IF WATER DRAWN FROM A LOCAL RIVER IT WAS LIABLE TO BE CONTAMINATED.

 

HENRY MAYHEW STATED THAT HE WATCH IN HORROR AT THE FLUVIAL SEWER, AS A CHILD FROM ONE OF THE GALLERIES ABOVE LOWERED A TIN CAN WITH A ROPE, TO FILL A BUCKET BESIDE HER.

 

IN EACH OF THE RUDE AND ROTTEN BALCONY'S, THAT HUNG OVER THE STREAM,  THE  SELF SAME BUCKET WAS TO BE SEEN IN  WHICH  THE INHABITANTS WERE WONT TO PUT THE MUCKY LIQUID TO  STAND,  SO THEY  MIGHT  .. SKIM THE FLUID FROM THE SOLID PARTICLES  OF FILTH AND POLLUTION WHICH CONSTITUTED THE SEDIMENT.

 

SUCH WAS THE CONDITIONS OF THE COMMON WORKING MAN, EXPLOITED BY THE RICH, AND FORSAKEN BY THE CHURCH.

 

FOR THE HARMAN'S OF ROTHERFIELD LIVING IN A SMALL VILLAGE AS COUNTRY FOLK, AND THOUGH THE RIGOURS OF LIFE WAS HARSH   THE GENERAL ENVIRONMENT WAS FAR BETTER THAN THAT IN THE CITIES AND SMALL TOWNS.

 

WELLS HAD BEEN DUG AND IN EXISTENCE FOR MANY YEARS.  WOE BETIDE   ANY VILLAGER THAT  WOULD  DUMP  RUBBISH  DOWN   A WELL. THOUGH THAT WOULD BE VERY RARE AS ALL THE VILLAGE WERE DEPENDENT  ON  THE CLEAN WATER SUPPLY.

 

AGAIN PRIVY’S WERE NORMALLY BUCKETS FOR MANY,  MANY, YEARS, SITUATED UNDER WOODEN STRUCTURE.

 

I AS A YOUNG BOY IN THE 1940"S REMEMBER THESE SORT OF PRIVY'S STILL IN USE BY THE VILLAGERS OF FOVANT IN WILTSHIRE. THIS A HUNDRED YEARS AFTER WILLIAM & CHARLOTTE LIVING  IN 1841.

 

IN THEIR TIME THE PRIVY CONTENTS WOULD HAVE BEEN USED TO FERTILISE THE LAND AND DUG IN THE SOIL.

TO US IN THIS DAY AND AGE THIS WOULD BE REPUGNANT, BUT THEN IT WAS A ECONOMICAL WAY OF FERTILISING THE LAND, AND BETTER FOR HEALTHIER CONDITIONS THAN THE PEOPLE WHO LIVED IN THE TOWNS.

 

AGAIN  I HAVE SEEN THIS HAPPEN IN FOVANT WHEN  THE SEWERAGE VEHICLE FAILED TO TURN UP, AS A MEAN'S  TO EMPTY THE SEWERAGE BUCKETS.

 

CONSEQUENTLY THE LIFE  EXPECTANCY WAS FAR  HIGHER  IN  THE VILLAGES  THAN THOSE IN THE TOWNS AND CITIES, ESPECIALLY  THE INDUSTRIAL  AREA'S  WHERE  FOR A LABOURER IN  A  FACTORY  OR  MINING  WOULD BE AS LOW AS 17 YEARS ,AND RURAL AREAS 38 YEARS.

 

AS CAN BE SEEN BY THE FAMILY TREE'S THE HARMAN'S IN MOST CASE’S REACH TO A HIGHER LEVEL THAN THE AVERAGE AGES GIVEN IN RECORDS.

 

ALSO THE CHILDREN LOST IN THE HARMAN FAMILIES OF EAST GRINSTEAD & ROTHERFIELD WERE LOWER THAN THE NORM.  THAT DOES NOT  MEAN THEY WERE INFALLIBLE, FOR THEY TO HAD LOSS'S OF CHILDREN AT A LOW AGE AND ALSO AS YOUNG ADULTS.

 

SUSSEX DID NOT HAVE THE INDUSTRY OF THE  NORTH  WHERE  THE COTTON  AND MINING WERE UNDER TAKEN, AND WORKING  CONDITIONS FOR  WOMEN AND CHILDREN WERE HORRIFIC.

 

THE RICH, FAMOUS, AND CLERGY LIVED A LIFE OF LUXURY IN ENGLAND, AND MOSTLY LIVED IN THE COUNTRY. NOT FOR THEM THE STENCH OF THE CITIES.

 

TO FARM THE LAND THEY EMPLOYED LOCAL VILLAGERS, AND TO KEEP THE WAGES DOWN AND EMPLOYED  AT TIMES THE  AGRICULTURE  GANG  SYSTEM.

 

AN AGRICULTURE GANG WAS A NUMBER OF PERSONS EMPLOYED BY ONE PERSON, WHO HIRED THEM OUT TO DIFFERENT FARMERS IN  TURN  FOR DIFFERENT KINDS OF WORK  A GANG WOULD COMPRISE OF 12 TO 30 PERSONS.

THE GANGS WERE EMPLOYED IN REMOVING OR HOEING UP WEEDS OF VARIOUS KINDS, ESPECIALLY TWITCH, RED WEED, DOCKS, AND THISTLES AND STONE PICKING.

THE HOEING WOULD BE OF TURNIPS, SWEDES, MANGOLDS, AND TOPPING AND TAILING THEM.

 THE GANG WOULD WORK FROM EIGHT IN  THE MORNING TILL FIVE IN THE EVENING, AND MORE HOURS IF REQUIRED.

THE WORK WAS HARD AND THE LAND TO BE GLEANED WITH IN THE DAY WAS STATED BY THE GANG MASTER.

 

THE GANG MOSTLY CONSISTED OF WOMEN AND CHILDREN THAT WERE THE UNFORTUNATES OF SOCIETY, AND THE MEN ALSO VAGABONDS OR FARM LABOURERS ON HARD TIMES.

THE GANG WILL OFTEN WALK THREE, FOUR FIVE, AND EVEN MORE MILES BEFORE IT STARTED WORK.

IN THE  EVENING  THE  SAME DISTANCE  TO  RETURN.

 

THE RATE OF PAY WAS  4p  (TODAY 1/1/2p)  FOR CHILDREN,8p (TODAY 3p) FOR LADS, GIRLS, AND WOMEN.

 

THE ADVANTAGE TO THE LANDOWNERS AND FARMERS IT ENABLES HIM TO SACK A NUMBER OF LABOURERS (MALE).. HE CAN GET HELP AT EXACTLY AT THE TIMES HE REQUIRED IT.THE WORK BEING DONE QUICKLY AND CHEAPLY.

 

THE  DRESS OF WOMEN WAS TO A CERTAIN EXTENT  INDECENT.  WHEN THE CROPS WERE WET THEY WOULD NEED TO TUCK THEIR DRESS’S UP BETWEEN THEIR LEGS WITH NO UNDER CLOTHES  BEING  WORN THE LONG HOURS ABSENCE  FROM HOME MEANT THAT  MEN, WOMEN, AND CHILDREN NEED TO ANSWER THE CALL OF NATURE.

 

THIS BEING UNDER TAKEN  IN FRONT  OF  ALL THE OTHER WORKERS.

THESE GANG  WORKERS BECAUSE OF THEIR HARD BACKGROUND  WERE COARSE  IN LANGUAGE AND IN  THEIR SEXUAL BEHAVIOUR.

 

ONCE IN THIS BACKGROUND THERE WAS  LITTLE CHANCE  OF  THEIR CHILDREN ESCAPING THE LIFE, OR  GOING  INTO SERVICE.

THE  MOTHERS WERE SLATTERNLY, CARELESS  ABOUT  THEIR HOMES, AND NOT OVER WORRIED ABOUT THEIR CHILDREN.

THESE POOR SOULS  WERE THE DREGS OF THE COUNTRY SIDE, AND HAD NO  BRIGHT PROSPECTS  OF LIFE FROM THE DAY THEY WERE BORN TILL THE  DAY THAT THEY DIED.

THERE WERE CASE'S OF GIRL CHILD ABUSE BY THE GANG  MASTERS,  BUT WITH THREATS OF FLOGGING OR NO WORK SO  IT WAS NOT REPORTED, AND THIS  ONLY RARELY.

GIRLS OF THIRTEEN AND FOURTEEN WERE TAKEN INTO AN INFIRMARY.

 PREGNANT FROM GANG RAPE BY THE BOYS AND SUCH MEN THAT WORKED WITHIN THE GANG. 

 SO THIS WAS THE LIFE STYLE OF THE  POOREST OF THE ORDINARY MEN, WOMEN, AND CHILDREN.

 

IN BOTH CITIES,  TOWNS, AND COUNTRY SIDE.  SLOWLY THE  ORDINARY  PEOPLE  WERE SHOWING THEIR DISCONTENTMENT FOR THE  LIVES  THEY WERE LEADING, AND REGARDLESS  OF  THE OPPRESSION LEVIED AGAINST  THEM  BY  THE UPPER  CLASS  WHEN  EVER  THEY ATTEMPTED  TO  CHANGE  THEIR LIVES.

 

BUT WITH THE HELP SOME  OF THOSE AMONG THE ELITE, AND  THOSE OF  THE  CHURCH WHO COULD SEE  THE  SUFFERING  BEING IMPOSED AND THE RESISTANCE TO THE LIVES THEY LED BY THE ORDINARY MAN, A SLOW CHANGE WAS DEVELOPING.

 

HOWEVER  MANY ORDINARY PERSONS WERE FORTUNATE NOT HAVING  TO EXIST UNDER SOME OF THE ABOVE CONDITIONS THAT I HAVE WRITTEN ABOUT IN THE PREVIOUS PAGES.

 

NOT THAT LIFE WAS NOT HARSH, BUT THEIR  STANDARD OF LIVING WAS FAR BETTER, AND AMONG THESE  WE FIND THE HARMAN'S, AND THIS CAN BE SEEN MORE ADEQUATELY BY THE LONG  LEVITY OF MANY OF MY FOREFATHERS ON THE FAMILY  TREES.

IT IS A SIMPLE FACT THAT MANY WERE MERCHANTS ,TRADESMEN, FARMERS, CARPENTERS, BRICKLAYERS ,AND STONEMASONS.

 

BUT BACK TO WILLIAM AND CHARLOTTE, AFTER THEIR MARRIAGE WILLIAM AND CHARLOTTE WERE LIVING AT STONE CROSS WHICH THEY WERE TO RETURN TO IN LATER YEARS.

AT STONE CROSS THE FOLLOWING CHILDREN WERE BORN:-

HERBERT REBBOTH THE ELDEST SON BORN 1844 DATE OF BIRTH UNKNOWN .BAPTISED 4-1-1852 ST; DENY'S ROTHERFIELD.

JOSEPH THE SECOND TO ELDEST, MY GREAT GRANDFATHER BORN 27TH JUNE 1846. BAPTISED 4-1-1852 ST; DENY'S ROTHERFIELD.

JOSEPH DATE OF BIRTH WAS FOUND BY OBTAINING COPY OF HIS BIRTH REGISTRATION AT UCKFIELD.

MY GREAT GRANDMOTHER CHARLOTTE REGISTERED HIM HERSELF ON AUGUST 6TH 1846.  THIS WE KNOW BY DETAILS ON BIRTH CERTIFICATE AND BY AGAIN, THE MARK OF CHARLOTTE HARMAN.

 

TO REGISTER JOSEPH, BY GREAT GRANDMOTHER CHARLOTTE WOULD HAVE HAD TO WALK AT LEAST TEN MILES THERE AND BACK WITH POSSIBLY THE TWO CHILDREN, AS PUBLIC TRANSPORT WAS NON-EXISTENT.

 

SO IT WOULD HAVE BEEN A WALK ACROSS FOOTPATHS THROUGH WOODLAND AND MEADOWS TILL REACHING HIGHWAY TO UCKFIELD AND THIS HIGHWAY DEEP RUTTED DUE TO HORSE AND CARTS TRAVERSING THE HIGHWAY BETWEEN UCKFIELD AND EAST GRINSTEAD.

 

GREAT- GREAT GRANDFATHER WILLIAM WOULD CERTAINLY NOT HAVE TIME OFF FROM WORK, AS WE WOULD SAY TODAY, FOR REGISTERING CHILD.

WORK AND EARNINGS WOULD BE  THE FIRST PRIORITY AS THE PROVIDER FOR HIS FAMILY.

AFTER THE BIRTH OF MY GREAT GRANDFATHER JOSEPH, MY GREAT-GREAT GRANDPARENTS MOVED TO FROGSHOLE AND THERE THEY REMAINED FOR APPROXIMATELY 14 YEARS..

FROGSHOLE WAS CENTRED IN THE VILLAGE AND TODAY A RAILWAY STATION IS ON THE SITE.

MANY OF THE FIVE HARMAN BROTHER'S WERE  LIVING THERE TOGETHER.

WITH THE MOVE TO FROGSHOLE MY GREAT-GREAT GRANDPARENTS WILLIAM AND CHARLOTTE HAD THE FOLLOWING CHILDREN:-

 

JAMES THIRD SON BORN 1848 FROGSHOLE.

 

IT WAS THIS YEAR WHEN JAMES WAS BORN  1848 MARIAH HARMAN DIED AND WAS BURIED AT ROTHERFIELD ON THE 11TH OF NOVEMBER 1848,AT THE AGE OF SIXTY

 

EUNICE-ANN ELDEST DAUGHTER BORN 1849 FROGSHOLE

JULIE SECOND DAUGHTER BORN 1850

 

 

TWO YEARS AFTER MARIAHS DEATH IN 1850 JAMES THE WIDOWER MARRIED BARBARA BLUNDELL A WIDOW AT ST: DENYS ON THE 9TH MAY 1850.

 

SARAH THIRD DAUGHTER BORN 1853

HARRIET FOURTH DAUGHTER BORN 1854

WILLIAM FOURTH SON BORN JANUARY 11TH 1856

EDWIN FIFTH SON BAPTISED APRIL 10TH BURIED AUGUST 31ST 1859

 

IN THE ABOVE IT WILL BE SEEN THAT NINE CHILDREN WERE BORN OVER A PERIOD OF THIRTEEN YEARS.  THE LAST CHILD TO BE BORN EDWIN WAS BAPTISED ON 10TH APRIL 1859 AT ST. DENY'S, ROTHERFIELD.  FIVE MONTHS AFTER HIS BAPTISM HE WAS BURIED AT ST. DENY'S ROTHERFIELD ON 31ST AUGUST 1859.

 

DURING HER PREGNANCY OF EDWIN, CHARLOTTE WOULD HAVE BEEN AT THE AGE OF FORTY FOUR AND ONCE AGAIN AT THAT AGE PREGNANCIES AND THE OUTCOME OF THE ACTUAL CHILD BORN, WOULD NOT HAVE BEEN VERY FAVOURABLE AT HER AGE.

NORMALLY MOST CHILDREN WERE BAPTISED WITHIN SIX WEEKS OF THEIR BIRTH AND GENERALLY THIS WAS CUSTOM AND PRACTICE.

HOWEVER, THERE WERE FAMILIES WHO GROUPED THEIR CHILDREN ALL TOGETHER AT ONE PARTICULAR TIME FOR BAPTISM.

 

WILLIAM HARMAN MUST HAVE BEEN ONE OF THIS MINORITY AS THE FOLLOWING CHILDREN WERE BAPTISED ALL TOGETHER ON JANUARY 4TH 1852.

HERBERT BORN 1844, JOSEPH BORN 1846, JAMES BORN 1848, EUNICE ANN BORN 1849 JULIE BORN 1850., THE OTHERS BAPTISED AS FOLLOWS . SARAH  BAPTISED  ON 29TH MARCH 1853.  HARRIET BAPTISED ON 2ND JULY 1854 YOUNGEST SON WILLIAM WAS BAPTISED ON 11TH JANUARY 1857.

ALL THE CHILDREN OF THIS MARRIAGE WERE BAPTISED AT ST. DENY'S CHURCH, ROTHERFIELD.

 

AS HIS FIRST SON WAS BORN IN 1844 WILLIAM, MY GREAT-GREAT-GRANDFATHER  &  MY GREAT GREAT-GRANDMOTHER CHARLOTTE  ATTENDED THE WEDDING OF  THOMAS, HIS BROTHER,  & ANN MARTIN IN 1844 WITH WILLIAM AND CHARLOTTE, BEING WITNESSES TO THE WEDDING & BEST MAN.

 

IN THE CENSUS IN 1861 THE FOLLOWING INFORMATION WAS ELICITED. WILLIAM AND CHARLOTTE WERE STILL LIVING AT FROGSHOLE WHICH WAS TWO YEARS AFTER THE DEATH OF EDWIN.

 

BUT IN THE YEAR 1867 WILLIAM & CHARLOTTE WERE AT STONE CROSS FOR ON THE 29th SEPTEMBER MY GRT- GRANDFATHER JOSEPH MARRIED MY GRT- GRANDMOTHER MARGARET TURNER WHO WAS ALSO LIVING AT STONE CROSS.

 

IN THE INTERVENING YEARS ALL MY GREAT-GREAT GRANDFATHERS BROTHER JOINED HIM AT FROGSHOLE.

 

JAMES HIS OLDER BROTHER AND HIS WIFE MARY-ANN NEE (BREEDON)

IN 1854 -1858 THIS PERIOD, HIS BROTHER JAMES & MARY ANN WAS SUFFERING WITH LOSS OF CHILDREN BY POSSIBLY THE SAME DIPHTHERIA EPIDEMIC. AS HIS BROTHER THOMAS & HIS WIFE ANN WHO HAD LOST TWO OF THEIR CHILDREN.

  

THE EFFECT OF EPIDEMICS OF DIPHTHERIA ON CHILDREN PRIOR TO THE INTRODUCTION OF IMMUNISATION GENERALLY INTRODUCED IN 1937 WAS APPALLING AS CAN BE ESTABLISHED BY THE THREE FAMILIES ABOVE.

 

TWENTY FOUR CHILDREN BEING BORN TO THE ABOVE FAMILIES FROM THESE, SIXTEEN  SURVIVED TO ADULTHOOD.

 

WHAT OF THE MASSES OF FAMILIES WHO WERE NOT SITUATED WITH TRADES AND COMPARATIVE WEALTH?.

BEING WILLIAM & CHARLOTTE SUFFERED LESS, I FEEL COULD BE DUE TO THEIR LOCATION AT FROGSHOLE AND I WONDER IF THIS IS THE REASON JAMES  DECIDED TO MOVE INTO THE AREA WITH WILLIAM.

 

IN APPROXIMATELY 1850 JOHN THE YOUNGER BROTHER OF WILLIAM AND THOMAS, WAS MARRIED TO RHODA MARTIN.  AND RESIDED FIRSTLY IN THE VILLAGE.

RHODA WAS A SISTER OF ANN MARTIN WHO WAS MARRIED TO THOMAS HARMAN.

 

RESEARCH HAS DISCOVERED THAT BOTH JOHN AND RHODA JOINED BROTHERS WILLIAM, JAMES AND THOMAS AT FROGS HOLE FOR APPROXIMATELY TWO YEARS AND THIS IN THE PERIOD PRIOR TO THE EPIDEMIC.

 

THOMAS AS WE ALREADY STATED, WAS IN A REASONABLE POSITION WITH NOT AN OVERLY LARGE FAMILY TO SUPPORT HAVING ONLY THE THREE CHILDREN, AND NOT AS MOST FAMILIES IN THAT DAY AND AGE EIGHT TO TWELVE.

BUT WITH THE HARD CONDITIONS OF THE TIMES, THEY ALSO HAD THEIR FAIR SHARE OF PERSONAL TRAGEDY. IN 1866 TRAGEDY STRUCK AGAIN, WITH THE DEATH OF WILIAM'S BROTHER THOMAS AT THE AGE OF FORTY FIVE YEARS OLD.

 

THIS LEAVING HIS WIFE ANN A WIDOW ALSO AT THE AGE OF FORTY FIVE WITH THREE CHILDREN.

 

IN THE YEAR 1866 WITH THE GROWTH OF THE FIVE FAMILIES OF THE HARMAN'S AT FROGS HOLE .

 

WILLIAM & CHARLOTTE  AFTER TWENTY YEARS AT FROGSHOLE MOVED TO STONECROSS, WHERE THEY HAD LIVED PREVIOUSLY IN 1846 AND WHERE JOSEPH WAS BORN.BUT IN THE YEAR 1867 WILLIAM & CHARLOTTE WERE AT STONE CROSS FOR THE WEDDING ON THE 29th SEPTEMBER MY GRT- GRANDFATHER JOSEPH MARRIED MY GRT- GRANDMOTHER MARGARET TURNER WHO WAS ALSO LIVING AT STONE CROSS.

 

JOSEPH'S PARENT'S WILLIAM & CHARLOTTE  WERE TO REMAIN AT STONE CROSS THE PLACE OF JOSEPH'S BIRTH UNTIL  THE END OF THEIR DAYS.

HARRIET THEIR DAUGHTER MARRIED NEXT IN 1872 TO A FARMERS SON NAMED JOHN WALTERS.

  

JULIE WHO ATTENDED THE WEDDING OF HER SISTER HARRIET'S  WEDDING TO JOHN AND  MET HIS BROTHER STEPHEN AND FELL IN LOVE. THEY WERE MARRIED THE FOLLOWING YEAR IN 1873.

HERBERT WAS THE NEXT TO MARRY IN 1875 TO A YOUNG WIDOW ELIZABETH LOCKYEAR.WITH A YOUNG SON NAMED AMOS AFTER HIS FATHER.

  

WILLIAM THE YOUNGEST S0N OF WILLIAM & CHARLOTTE HAD MARRIED IN THE YEAR 1879. THOUGH THE ACTUAL DATE OF MARRIAGE IS NOT KNOWN.

WHAT WE DO KNOW HE MARRIED THE DAUGHTER OF FREDERICK, JOHN & ANNA NOVICE THE INNKEEPERS OF THE BRICKLAYERS ARMS, WHITEHILL CROWBOROUGH.

THERE ARE  CHILDREN THAT FURTHER RESEARCH HAS NOT ELICITED ANY INFORMATION ON. THIS BEING JAMES & SARAH.

 

THE CENSUS FOR 1881 WAS IN THE APRIL OF THAT YEAR.GRT-GRT GRANDFATHER & GRANDMOTHER, WILLIAM AND CHARLOTTE WERE LIVING AT STONE-CROSS. WILLIAM AGED 62 & CHARLOTTE AGED 66.

 

FROM 1881 UP TO THE FOLLOWING NINE YEARS WILLIAM & CHARLOTTES FAMILY WERE GROWING.

 

FROM THE VARIOUS SONS & DAUGHTERS THEY HAD THIRTY -ONE GRANDCHILDREN BY 1890.

 

CHARLOTTE WAS NOW AGED 74 AND WAS IN POOR HEALTH. AT THE BEGINNING OF THIS YEAR. ON TUESDAY 29th July 1890 CHARLOTTE DIED AND WAS BURIED AT ALL SAINTS CHURCH AT CROWBOROUGH.

 

WILLIAM HAD A MEMORIAL STONE MADE PROBABLY BY HERBERT HIS SON, AS HE WAS A MONUMENTAL MAKER.

THE MONUMENT IT IS ON THE LEFT HAND SIDE AS YOU ENTER THE CHURCH YARD.

CHARLOTTE WAS BORN IN 1814 THE PARISH OF FRAMFIELD. PROBABLY PRIOR TO MARRYING WILLIAM SHE HAD HAD A VERY HARD LIFE. HER FATHER DIED AND HER MOTHER REMARRIED JOHN GASTON.

 

 CHARLOTTE HERSELF WENT INTO SERVICE AND SERVITUDE LIKE A LOT OF WOMEN.

CHARLOTTE MY GREAT GREAT GRANDMOTHER HAD BEEN MARRIED TO GREAT GREAT GRANDFATHER WILLIAM FOR FORTY-SEVEN YEAR'S. FURTHER.

 

RESEARCH OF FRAMFIELD PARISH RECORDS MAY REVEAL MORE OF CHARLOTTES LIFE AS A CHILD

 

WILLIAM WAS TO LIVE ANOTHER TEN YEARS AFTER CHARLOTTES DEATH. TOWARDS THE END OF HIS LIFE HE LEFT STONECROSS AND LIVED WITH HIS WITH DAUGHTER HARRIET WALTERS WIFE OF JOHN WALTERS ALDERBROOK FARM CROWBOROUGH.

IT IS HERE THAT WILLIAM DIED AGED 81 ON SATURDAY 7th July 1900.

 

IN HIS WILL HE APPOINTED DAUGHTER JULIA WALTERS WIFE OF STEPHEN WALTERS OF WASTE FARM ,HADLOW DOWN IN THE PARISH OF BUXTED  AND HIS SON HERBERT HARMAN A CROWBOROUGH BUILDER. AS EXECUTORS.

 

THE WILL STATES BASICALLY THAT MONIES TO BE SHARED AMONG THE 3 GIRLS AND THE THREE SONS. IT THEN GIVES THE ADDRESS’S JOSEPH HARMAN JERVIS BROOK A STONE MASON, DAUGHTER EUNICE ANN HUSBAND OF HENRY NEVILLE FARMER JERVIS BROOK, DAUGHTER JULIA WALTERS WIFE OF STEPHEN WALTERS OF WASTE FARM, HADLOW DOWN, DAUGHTER HARRIET WALTERS WIFE OF JOHN WALTERS ALDERBROOK FARM CROWBOROUGH. SON WILLIAM THE YOUNGER A BUILDER WHITEHILL.

PROBATE WAS GRANTED TO HERBERT & JULIA ON THE 23RD OF AUGUST.

 

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